Decided to do some research on chemical weapons
since I have been hearing about what to do, but not how they work and
how long do they last in where they landed.
So this is what I found out:
- Chemical attacks are vapor based
and disperse quickly with wind and warm weather.
- You can leave the area where it
- Since it is heavier it is safer
to be someplace that is not underground, since it will collect
- Make sure you have top cover to
keep the chemicals from coming to you
- Your best protection is fresh air
and staying calm.
- The more you inhale in, the more
potent and powerful it becomes.
If you start experiencing these
- Sudden headache,
- Dimness of vision (someone you're
looking at will have pinpointed pupils),
- Runny nose,
- Excessive saliva or drooling,
- Difficulty breathing,
- Tightness in chest,
- Stomach cramps,
- Twitching of exposed skin where a
liquid just got on you.
Ask yourself did you hear any
loud noises or pops; are other people reacting the same way. Is there
an odor of new mown hay, green corn, something fruity, or camphor?
If this is yes. Then CALMLY, if you panic you breathe in
more of the chemical and it reacts faster. So
leave the area and head up wind from the place.
AIR is the best "right now antidote". If you have a blob of
liquid that looks like molasses or syrup on you; blot it or scrape it
off and away from yourself with anything disposable.
Remember the agents have to do
all the work, they have to get the concentration up and keep it up for
several minutes while all you have to do is quit getting it on you and
quit breathing it by putting space between you and the attack. Blood
agents are cyanide or arsine which affects your blood's ability to
provide oxygen to your tissue.
Different type of agents:
- Nerve Agents (g-agents, v-agents) have a persistence of 15
minutes to 1 week in a warm environment; they have a very quick rate of
action and enter the body through the eyes and lungs for aerosols and
eyes, skin and mouth for liquids.
- Choking Agents (cg, dp) persist for 1 to 10 minutes in a warm
environment with an immediate rate of action using the lungs and eyes
as the entrance. Blister Agents (hd, hn, l, cx) have a persistence time
of 3 days to several weeks. Rate of action varies from slow to very
quick death depending on the exact type of agent used, which the
survivor will most likely not be able to ascertain. These agents affect
the eyes, skin, lungs and mouth.
- Blood Agents (ac, ck) persist from 1 minute to 15 minutes in a
warm environment and have a very quick rate of action acting primarily
on the lungs, eyes and injured skin.